Factors During Encoding and Sleep That Promote Memory Persistence

In this talk, I will investigate how long-term memory is modulated by reactivation during sleep and affective states at encoding. First, I will focus on a technique that involves presenting learning-related stimuli during sleep (termed targeted memory reactivation, or TMR). My findings show that TMR benefits memory retention for numerous types of memory. Crucially, they also point to a specific physiological process - the sleep spindle - that is crucial for optimal memory reactivation during sleep.